The Philippine Army Capability Development Planning Process
Micah Jeiel Perez

Perez, Micah Jeiel. “The Philippine Army Capability Development Planning Process.” The Jacinto Papers: Army Strategic Studies. Vol. 3 No. 1 (2022): 25-36.


The Philippine Army’s (PA) current capability development planning (CDP) process is rooted in the broader modernization effort of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) that was begun in the ‘90s. it follows the 21st century trend in long-term strategic planning where most Western-aligned countries have adopted capability-based planning (CBP) frameworks due to the flexibility, adaptability, and efficiency that they bring to the table. The PA’s own CDP process is embedded in a strategic planning logic that follows four main steps: an analysis of future defense and security scenarios; an assessment of current and required capabilities; the crafting of detailed rolling plans; and the listing of capital-intensive priority projects for immediate funding by the AFP. This process can best be seen in the recently completed PA Medium-Term Capability Development Plan for 2022 to 2028. The CDP process is followed by other steps in the strategic planning logic, including force structure and program development. Ultimately, the properly executed CDP in the PA provides decision-makers options to maximize the use of limited resources and thereby optimize the country’s military modernization.

Keywords: Philippine Army; Capability Development; Capability-Based Planning; AFP Modernization Program.